中国安全科学学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (1): 102-108.doi: 10.16265/j.cnki.issn 1003-3033.2021.01.015

• 安全工程技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

大型多功能救援属具的综合性能评价体系

姜涛1 副教授, 张玉龙1, 李士博1, 李政2 工程师, 邱海良2 高级工程师   

  1. 1 同济大学 机械与能源工程学院,上海 201804;
    2 烟台艾迪精密机械股份有限公司,山东 烟台 264006
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-28 修回日期:2020-12-02 发布日期:2021-08-18
  • 作者简介:姜 涛 (1969—),男,河南郑州人,博士,副教授,主要从事机械电子、机械设计等方面的研究。E-mail: jiangtao@tongji.edu.cn。
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC0810203)。

Research on comprehensive performance evaluation system of large multi-functional rescue attachments

JIANG Tao1, ZHANG Yulong1, LI Shibo1, LI Zheng2, QIU Hailiang2   

  1. 1 School of Mechanical Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China;
    2 Yantai Eddie Precision Machinery Co., Ltd, Yantai Shandong 264006, China
  • Received:2020-10-28 Revised:2020-12-02 Published:2021-08-18

摘要: 为提高工程机械的救援效率,首先,总结多功能救援属具性能评价存在的指标多样化、矛盾化等问题;然后,面向大震巨灾环境下的救援需求,建立以安全高效为原则,以目标层、准则层、指标层3层体系为框架、以生产性能、基本功能、运输性能、安全性能、操作性能为关键要素的多功能救援属具的综合性能评价体系,并采用改进的层次分析法(AHP)-模糊综合评价法作为评估工具;最后,综合评价3种新型多功能救援属具的性能。结果表明:3种多功能救援属具的综合性能由高到低依次为剪切破碎扩张救援属具、抓取起吊救援属具、破拆开孔救援属具;综合评价体系评价后的结果与基于经验的判断结果基本一致。

关键词: 多功能救援属具, 综合性能, 评价体系, 层次分析法(AHP), 模糊综合评价法

Abstract: In order to improve rescue efficiency of construction machinery, firstly, existing problems and difficulties were analyzed, including multiple indicators and conflicts in evaluation of multi-functional rescue attachments' performance. Then, a comprehensive evaluation system of their performance based on principle of “safety and efficiency” was established from three levels, objective, standard and indicator levels and five aspects including production, basic function, transportation capacity, safety and operational ability. Finally, the improved AHP-fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method was used to evaluate performance of three kinds of multi-functional rescue attachments. The results show that their comprehensive performance ranks from high to low asbreaking-opening rescue attachment, shearing-expanding rescue attachment, and grabbing-lifting rescue attachment.Moreover, evaluation results based on the above system are basically consistent with judgment results based on experience.

Key words: multi-functional rescue attachments, comprehensive performance, evaluation system, analytical hierarchy process (AHP), fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method

中图分类号: