中国安全科学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (S1): 64-70.doi: 10.16265/j.cnki.issn1003-3033.2020.S1.013

• 安全社会科学与安全管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

铁路机车驾驶员职业安全适应性评价

朱冠吉1, 刘迪1 副教授, 孙强2, 周子超3 工程师   

  1. 1 大连交通大学 交通运输工程学院,辽宁 大连 116028;
    2 中铁集装箱运输有限责任公司哈尔滨分公司,黑龙江 哈尔滨 150000;
    3 沈阳铁路监督管理局,辽宁 沈阳 110013
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-18 修回日期:2020-11-02 出版日期:2020-10-30 发布日期:2021-07-15
  • 作者简介:朱冠吉 (1996—),男,山东济南人,硕士研究生,研究方向为运输组织优化、铁路运输安全工程。E-mail:z1036939275@163.com。
  • 基金资助:
    沈阳铁路监督管理局项目(STJHT201909047)。

Evaluation on occupational safety adaptability of railway locomotive drivers

ZHU Guanji1, LIU Di1, SUN Qiang2, ZHOU Zichao3   

  1. 1 School of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, Dalian Jiaotong University, Dalian Liaoning 116028,China;
    2 China Railway Container Transport Co.,Ltd.,Harbin Branch, Harbin Heilongjiang 150000,China;
    3 Shenyang Railway Administration Bureau, Shenyang Liaoning 110013, China
  • Received:2020-09-18 Revised:2020-11-02 Online:2020-10-30 Published:2021-07-15

摘要: 为研究铁路机车驾驶员职业安全适应性问题,利用系统分析理论,从工作压力、自我效能感、安全支持和安全素质4个方面分析铁路机车驾驶员职业安全适应性的影响因素,建立4个一级指标和12个二级指标的评价指标体系;采用层次分析法(AHP)和模糊综合评价法构建综合职业安全适应性评价模型,实证研究X机务段的机车驾驶员职业安全适应性情况;通过问卷调查结果统计分析确定指标评价隶属度,利用评价模型得到机车驾驶员职业安全适应性等级。结果表明:X机务段机车驾驶员职业安全适应性等级为良好,但工作压力指标得分较低,应加强机车驾驶员职业生涯规划、定期心理辅导等工作。

关键词: 机车驾驶员, 职业安全适应性, 层次分析法(AHP), 模糊综合评价, 问卷调查

Abstract: In order to study the occupational safety adaptability of railway locomotive drivers, system analysis theory was used to analyze the influencing factors of the occupational safety adaptability of railway locomotive drivers from four aspects of work pressure, self-efficacy, safety support and safety quality, an evaluation index system of 4 first-level indicators and 12 second-level indicators were established,a comprehensive occupational safety adaptability evaluation model used AHP and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method was build, and the occupational safety adaptability of locomotive drivers in the X locomotive depot was empirically studied,the index evaluation membership degree through the statistical analysis of the questionnaire survey results was determined, and occupational safety adaptability level for locomotive drivers was gained by used the evaluation model .The results show that the locomotive driver′s occupational safety adaptability level in the X locomotive depot is good, but the work pressure index score is low. The locomotive driver′s career planning and regular psychological counseling should be strengthened.

Key words: locomotive driver, occupational safety adaptability, analytic hierarchy process (AHP), fuzzy comprehensive evaluation, empirical research

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