中国安全科学学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (8): 75-82.doi: 10.16265/j.cnki.issn1003-3033.2021.08.011

• 安全工程技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

水电工程施工安全隐患关联规则挖掘*

陈述1,2 副教授, 习俊博2, 王建平**2 副教授, 陈云1   

  1. 1 三峡大学 湖北省水电工程施工与管理重点实验室,湖北 宜昌 443002;
    2 三峡大学 经济与管理学院,湖北 宜昌 443002
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-06 修回日期:2021-07-03 出版日期:2021-08-28 发布日期:2022-02-28
  • 通讯作者: ** 王建平(1972—),男,福建长泰人,博士,副教授,主要从事安全科学与工程方面的研究。E-mail: wjp@ctgu.edu.cn。
  • 作者简介:陈 述 (1986—),男,湖北英山人,博士,副教授,主要从事安全管理方面的研究。 E-mail:chenshu@ctgu.edu.cn。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助(52079073);湖北省水电工程施工与管理重点实验室开放基金资助(2020KSD05)。

Mining association rules of near-misses of hydropower projects construction

CHEN Shu1,2, XI Junbo2, WANG Jianping2, CHEN Yun1   

  1. 1 Hubei Key Laboratory of Construction and Management in Hydropower Engineering, China Three Gorges University, Yichang Hubei 443002, China;
    2 College of Economic and Management, China Three Gorges University, Yichang Hubei 443002, China
  • Received:2021-05-06 Revised:2021-07-03 Online:2021-08-28 Published:2022-02-28

摘要: 为高效挖掘水电工程隐患排查中积累的大量数据,采用基于互信息和左右信息熵的短语提取技术,从非结构化的隐患数据中提取结构化关键短语;运用桑基图,描述隐患特征、隐患部位、隐患类型之间的信息流动;结合短语提取技术,优化Apriori关联算法,挖掘隐患部位与隐患类型的关联规则,绘制关联规则网络图,结合桑基图分析规则;验证某水电站13 820条隐患数据案例。结果表明:开关箱、防护栏杆等是隐患排查的重点,易因排架电焊机、开关箱、电缆线凌乱等对象在闸门处发生触电;边坡和高处坠落等关联度较高,可为水电工程隐患排查和治理提供参考。

关键词: 水电工程施工, 安全隐患, 关联规则, 文本挖掘, 桑基图, Apriori算法

Abstract: To efficiently mine the large amount of text data accumulated in the near-misses investigation of hydropower projects, phrase extraction technology based on mutual information and left-right information entropy was adopted to extract structured key phrases from unstructured near-misses data. Sankey diagram was used to describe information flow among characteristics, locations and types of potential hazards. Combined with phrase extraction technology, Apriori association algorithm was optimized, association rules of hidden danger locations and types were mined, association rules network diagram was drawn, and rules were analyzed with Sankey diagram. 13 820 hidden danger data cases of a hydropower station was verified. The results show that near-misses data switch box guardrails is key of hidden perils, such as easy for shelving electric welding machine switch box cable clutter object at gate, such as electric shock stick slope, falling of correlation degree is higher, study provides hidden perils in hydropower engineering and management.

Key words: hydroelectric engineering construction, near-misses, association rules, text mining, Sankey diagram, Apriori algorithm

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