中国安全科学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (S1): 38-42.doi: 10.16265/j.cnki.issn1003-3033.2020.S1.008

• 安全社会科学与安全管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

高速铁路沿线无人机安全管理立法探讨

章超荣 高级工程师   

  1. 国家铁路局 安全技术中心,北京 100036
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-10 修回日期:2020-11-20 出版日期:2020-10-30 发布日期:2021-07-15
  • 作者简介:章超荣 (1984—),女,湖北荆州人,硕士,高级工程师,主要从事铁路车辆制造、铁路行政执法等方面的研究。E-mail:181825220@qq.com。

Discussion on legislation of UAV safety management along high-speed railway

ZHANG Chaorong   

  1. Safety Technology Center, National Railway Administration, Beijing 100036, China
  • Received:2020-09-10 Revised:2020-11-20 Online:2020-10-30 Published:2021-07-15

摘要: 无人机(UAV)产业自兴起以来在国内外快速发展,广泛应用于多个领域,但是有些不恰当的利用对公共安全和法律秩序构成了挑战。为完善高速铁路沿线的UAV安全管理立法,分析UAV安全管理立法现状;综述国内现有法规对UAV安全管理相关规定;探讨高速铁路沿线UAV安全管理立法及立法三要素内容。研究结果表明:高速铁路沿线无人机安全管理立法应具备无人机禁止飞行范围、监督管理部门和法律责任三要素;出台高速铁路安全相关的地方法规时,建议纳入高速铁路沿线无人机的安全管理规定;建议修订铁路安全相关法规时,补充无人机安全管理规定。

关键词: 高速铁路, 无人机(UAV), 安全管理, 立法三要素, 禁止飞行范围

Abstract: UAV industry has developed rapidly at home and abroad since it emergence, and has been widely used in many fields, but it pose a challenge to public safety and legal order because of some inappropriate uses.In order to improve the UAV safety management legislation along the high-speed railway, analyzed the present situation of UAV safety management legislation.Summarized the relevant provisions of domestic existing laws and regulations on UAV safety management, and discussed the three elements of UAV safety management legislation and legislation along the high-speed railway. The researchs show that UAV safety management legislation along the high-speed railway should have three elements: UAV prohibited flight range, supervisory and administrative department and legal responsibility. When the local regulations related to the safety of high-speed railway are issued, it is suggested to include the safety management regulations of uav along the high-speed railway. It′s also suggested that the UAV safety management regulations should be supplemented when revise the relevant laws and regulations on railway safety.

Key words: high-speed railway, unmanned aerial vehicle(UAV), safety management, three elements of legislation, no-fly zone

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